A quantitative analysis of electronic transport in n- and p-type modulation-doped GaAsBi/AlGaAs quantum well structures


Dönmez Ö., Erol A., Çetinkaya Ç., Cokduygulular E., Aydin M., Yıldırım S., ...More

SEMICONDUCTOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, vol.36, no.11, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 36 Issue: 11
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1088/1361-6641/ac2af0
  • Journal Name: SEMICONDUCTOR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED)
  • Keywords: modulation doped GaAsBi, electron mobility in GaAsBi, hole mobility in GaAsBi, parallel conduction, IMPURITY SCATTERING, SEMICONDUCTORS, ALXGA1-XAS, PARAMETERS, MOBILITY, GAAS, BI
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes

Abstract

Electronic transport properties of as-grown and thermally annealed n- and p-type modulation-doped GaAsBi/AlGaAs quantum well (QW) structures were investigated. Hall mobility of as-grown, n- and p-type modulation doped QW structures are found from raw experimental data as similar to 1414 and 95 cm(2) Vs(-1) at room temperature. A comparison between reported two-dimensional (2D) electron density determined from the analyses of Shubnikov de Haas oscillations and the 2D Hall electron density indicates a presence of parallel conduction in barrier layer (AlGaAs) and QW layer (GaAsBi) in n-type samples, therefore a parallel channel conduction theory is used to separate the electron mobility in the QW and the barrier layers in n-type modulation doped GaAsBi/AlGaAs QW structure. The extracted electron mobility of the as-grown n-type GaAsBi/AlGaAs QW sample is determined as similar to 5975 cm(2) Vs(-1) at 4.2 K, which is closer to the electron mobility in GaAs. It is found that thermal annealing at lower temperature than growth temperature increases electron mobility of 2D electron gas, while annealing at higher temperature than growth temperature decreases electron mobility. The temperature dependence of the extracted electron mobility using parallel conduction approximation is analytically calculated by considering possible scattering mechanisms. Analysis of temperature-dependent electron mobility shows that the dominant scattering mechanisms are interface roughness (IFR), acoustic, and alloy-potential scatterings at low and intermediate temperature range, and IFR and optical phonon scattering at the high-temperature range in n-type modulation doped GaAsBi/AlGaAs QW structures.