What kind of Dr do you want to be?: A cross-sectional study measuring personality and sex effects of medical students

Kashikchi I. F., Savrun B. M., Jonason P. K.

Personality and Individual Differences, vol.205, 2023 (SSCI) identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 205
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.paid.2022.112075
  • Journal Name: Personality and Individual Differences
  • Journal Indexes: Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, ASSIA, PASCAL, Child Development & Adolescent Studies, Communication Abstracts, EBSCO Education Source, Index Islamicus, Psycinfo, Violence & Abuse Abstracts
  • Keywords: Competitiveness, Dark Triad, Empathy, Gender roles, Medicine, Personality, Sex differences
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


© 2023 Elsevier LtdTurkish medical students (N = 376; 145 men, 231 women) aged 18–25 (M = 20.36, SD = 2.02) reported on their personality and post-graduation specialty preferences. We found (1) sex differences in interests in psychiatry in favor of women (suppressed by Machiavellianism and competitiveness) and surgery in favor of men (mediated by psychopathy and competitiveness), (2) interests in basic/diagnostic medicine were associated with higher rates of narcissism and competitiveness in women, (3) interests in surgery were associated with higher rates of psychopathy (mediated by masculinity and competitiveness), and (4) interests in psychiatry were associated with less competitiveness. In women, psychopathy was correlated with interests in surgery more than basic/diagnostic medicine whereas competitiveness was more strongly correlated with interests in basic/diagnostic medicine than psychiatry. In men, competitiveness was more correlated with interests in psychiatry than surgery. Lastly, the relationship between interests in basic/diagnostic medicine and competitiveness was more strongly correlated in women than in men. Results are discussed in relation to sociocultural and evolutionary models of vocational interests.