The effect of the mandibular plane angle on fracture line stability: An ex vivo experimental study.

Ben Said M., Yildirimturk S., Sirin Y.

Dental traumatology : official publication of International Association for Dental Traumatology, vol.35, no.3, pp.181-187, 2019 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


Background/Aims Mandibular angle fractures fixated with plate osteosynthesis techniques have to withstand the effects of muscle attachments. Individual variations in the craniofacial morphology may alter the biomechanical resistance of the bone-plate construct. The aim of the present study was to determine the influence of variations in the mandibular plane angle (MPa) on the biomechanical stability of sheep mandibular angle fractures (MAFs). Materials and Methods Sixty sheep hemi-mandibles were used. The mandibles were positioned on a test jig that simulated low (15 degrees, group L), normal (25 degrees, group N), and high (35 degrees, group H) MPa. Unfavorable MAFs were created with thin diamond cutting disks. One four-hole, 9.0-mm-spacing, standard titanium miniplate of 2.0 mm thickness and 5.0-mm-long screws were inserted at the superior border of the alveolar bone in monoplanar orientation. Specimens were then subjected to vertical loads between 10 N and 150 N in a universal testing machine. The displacement values at each 10 N force increment and the load magnitude at which 3.0 mm displacement limit was reached were recorded. Results Starting from 40 N, the displacement values at each 10 N increment in the H group were significantly higher than those of the L and N groups until 150 N (P < 0.05). The force magnitude required to reach 3.0 mm of displacement in the H group was significantly lower than that for the L and N groups (P < 0.05 for each). Conclusions The one-miniplate monoplanar fixation technique used in sheep MAF with high MPa is more likely to offer lower biomechanical resistance to the vertical forces applied over the molar region than do the normal and low MPa.