DEUTSCHE TIERARZTLICHE WOCHENSCHRIFT, vol.113, no.9, pp.345-348, 2006 (SCI-Expanded)
This study determined the effect of gender on slaughter and carcass traits in Anatolian water buffalos reared under free range conditions in Turkey. Sixteen four-years-old Anatolian water buffalo were divided into two groups of eight males in one group and eight females in the other. The slaughter and carcass traits, carcass measurement, amount of worthy meat from each animal and phenotypic correlations among some carcass traits were determined. Chilling loss, slaughter weight and hot and cold carcass weights were 5.27 %, 496.44 kg, 234.60 kg and 222.16 kg, respectively in males and 5.43 %, 515.34 kg, 236.08 kg and 223.00 kg, respectively for females (P > 0.05). The ratio of skin and four leg weights (P < 0.05) and skin, head and the legs weights to the live-weight (P < 0.01) were found significantly higher in males than in female buffalos. In addition, from worthy meat, short loin was higher in males compared to females (P < 0.05). In this study, it is concluded that, generally carcass yield and amount of worthy meat in carcass tends to be higher in male water buffalo compared to females.