The sorption of 2,2'-biquinoline onto natural and ion-exchanged montmorillonite (Fe-, Co- or Cu-montmorillonite) and saponite from Anatolia have been investigated using FT-IR and FT-Raman Spectrometry. The intercalation of 2,2'-biquinoline within natural and ion-exchanged montmorillonite and saponite has been shown by X-ray diffraction to increase the interlayer spacing, The difference of basal spacing of air-dried clays and biquinoline treated ones shows monolayer arrangement. Raman spectroscopy was particularly useful for investigation of clay-organic interaction. Vibrational spectroscopy indicates that intercalated 2,2'-biquinoline molecules are coordinated to exchangeable cations (directly and indirectly through water bridges) and/or Lewis acid sites or as bidentate ligand. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.