Anti-inflammatory potential of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol in hyperinsulinemia: an experimental study

Yazici Z. M. C., Bilge B., Bolkent S.

MOLECULAR BIOLOGY REPORTS, vol.49, no.12, pp.11891-11899, 2022 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 49 Issue: 12
  • Publication Date: 2022
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s11033-022-07996-9
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Aquatic Science & Fisheries Abstracts (ASFA), BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Veterinary Science Database
  • Page Numbers: pp.11891-11899
  • Keywords: Pancreas, THC, Inflammation, Immunohistochemistry, Oxidative damage, INFLAMMATION, INTERLEUKIN-6, DELTA-9-THC, OBESITY
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


Background Hyperinsulinemia (HI) means that the amount of insulin in the blood is higher than normal and is often associated with type 2 diabetes. It is known that delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) obtained from a medicinal plant, Cannabis sativa, has therapeutic effects on many diseases. Objective This study aimed to investigate the effects of THC on inflammatory and oxidant status in rat pancreas with HI. Methods Rats were divided into groups; Control, HI, THC and HI + THC. Each group consists of 8 animals. HI and HI + THC groups were given 10% fructose in the drinking water for 12 weeks. In the last four weeks of the experiment, 1.5 mg kg(-1) THC was injected intraperitoneally daily into THC and HI + THC groups. The expression of tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-6 (IL-6), and nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-kappa B) were detected. JNK/SAPK and Grap2/p38 levels, total antioxidant and oxidant capacities (TAC and TOC) were analyzed in the pancreas. Results Levels of IL-6, NF-kappa beta, and TNF-alpha mRNA expression were higher in the pancreas with HI than in the control (p < 0.001 for all). THC treatment reduced the expression of IL-6, NF-kappa beta, and TNF-alpha mRNAs in the HI + THC group compared to the HI group (p < 0.001 for all). TOC increased in the HI group compared to the control group (p < 0.001). However, THC treatment reduced TOC levels in the HI + THC group compared to the HI group (p < 0.001). Conclusion According to the results, the THC treatment may regulate inflammation and TOC in rats with hyperinsulinemia. Thus, we can say that THC may have anti-inflammatory and antioxidant potential in metabolic disorders.