Rubella revisited: Where are we on the road to disease elimination in Central Europe?

Usonis V., Anca I., Andre F., Chlibek R., Cizman M., Ivaskeviciene I., ...More

VACCINE, vol.29, no.49, pp.9141-9147, 2011 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 29 Issue: 49
  • Publication Date: 2011
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.vaccine.2011.09.104
  • Journal Name: VACCINE
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.9141-9147
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No


Rubella is a contagious viral disease with few complications except when contracted by pregnant women. Rubella infection in pregnancy can result in miscarriage, stillbirth or an infant born with congenital rubella syndrome (CRS) which comprises deafness, heart disease, cataracts and other permanent congenital manifestations. Clinical diagnosis of rubella is difficult due to overlapping symptoms with many other diseases and confirmation of rubella is not possible without laboratory testing.