ELECTRIC POWER COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS, vol.48, pp.138-147, 2020 (SCI-Expanded)
A gas discharge lamp is a device, which operates as a light source by producing electrical discharge in ionized gaseous medium. Discharge lamps are commonly used in the market and according to their physical properties they can be mainly classified in three different categories: high pressure, low pressure and high-intensity lamps. Ionized gases have tendency to produce ongoing discharges and finally electrical arcs, which exhibit memristor characteristics proposed by Leon Chua. This paper introduces a novel fully floating memristor circuit emulator with tunable threshold characteristics which mimic discharge lamp characteristics. In order to investigate discharge lamp characteristics a test set-up is designed and commercially available discharge lamps are tested. The proposed memristor circuit displays distinctive characteristics in contrast to well-known smooth switching memristor characteristics in terms of hard switching capability. Proposed memristor has unique switching behavior and fully capable of modeling discharge lamps since it satisfies required zero-crossing, pinched hysteresis and frequency dependent characteristics of the discharge lamps. The comparisons of the current-voltage characteristics for both memristor and discharge lamps are supplied and investigated.