Sinter-coating method for the production of TiN-coated titanium foam for biomedical implant applications

Mutlu I.

SURFACE & COATINGS TECHNOLOGY, cilt.232, ss.396-402, 2013 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 232
  • Basım Tarihi: 2013
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1016/j.surfcoat.2013.05.041
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.396-402


Titanium foams for biomedical implant applications were produced by space holder technique. Novel sinter-coating method was used for the production of TiN layer on foams in order to enhance wear and corrosion resistance. In literature, Ti compacts were sintered in vacuum or argon atmosphere and then expensive and complex coating processes were carried out on sintered specimens. In this study, the titanium foams were sintered in N-2 atmosphere at 1200 degrees C. Biocompatible TiN layer was coated on foam surface by gas nitriding simultaneously during sintering. Sinter-coating combines sintering and TiN coating in one step by sintering the green specimens in N-2 atmosphere. This reduces cost of operation and time. In addition, alkali treatment was used to activate surface of foams for partially induce a bioactive bone-like apatite to enhance bioactivity. Alkali treatment was performed by soaking the foams in NaOH solution and then heating at 600 degrees C. After alkali treatment, foams were immersed into simulated body fluid to induce a bone-like apatite layer on foam surface. (C) 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.