MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have major roles in nearly all cellular process including gene expression, and may behave as oncogene or tumor suppressor gene by binding to complementary sequences in the target mRNA. The circulating microRNA-15a (miRNA-15a) and microRNA-16-1 (miRNA-16-1) of 15 healthy adults and of 40 untreated patients diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBC) were recruited to investigate the expression levels. The expression levels of miRNA-15a, and miRNA-16-1 genes of the untreated DLBCL patients, and healthy individuals with matched age, sex and ethnicity were examined. MicroRNA expression profiles obtained from peripheral blood were investigated. The samples were collected from 40 patients diagnosed with DLBC patients, and from 15 healthy controls. Two miRNAs were selected, and expression profile was examined using a quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) based on the previous studies. Statistically significant expression level differences (p<0.05) were detected for miRNA-16-1 in DLBCL patients and healthy control groups. miRNA-16-1 gene expression level was found approximately ninefold higher in the patient group compared to the controls; however, no statistical difference was detected in the expression profile of miRNA-15a between the both groups. On the other hand, the decreased gene expression in miRNA16-1 was observed in 88.3% of DLBCL patients. These results suggested that there was no statistically significant decrease in the miRNA-15a gene expression in DLBCL patients (p>0.05). On the contrary to the literature, miRNA-16-1 expression level was suppressed in DLBCL group in our study, however no whole gene silencing was performed. MicroRNA-16-1 might be suggested to behave as a tumor suppressor in DLBCL in our study.