Combined Technique for the Treatment of Infected Nonunions of the Distal Femur With Bone Loss: Short Supracondylar Nail-Augmented Acute Shortening/Lengthening


Sen C. , Akgul T. , Tetsworth K. D. , Balci H. I. , Yildiz F., Necmettin T.

JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA, cilt.34, ss.476-481, 2020 (SCI İndekslerine Giren Dergi) identifier identifier identifier

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 34 Konu: 9
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.1097/bot.0000000000001764
  • Dergi Adı: JOURNAL OF ORTHOPAEDIC TRAUMA
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.476-481

Özet

Objective: To evaluate a combined technique for treating distal femoral bone defects after debridement of osteomyelitis, using an external fixator together with a short supracondylar nail. Design: Retrospective study. Setting: Single tertiary referral center. Methods: Between 2003 and 2018, 23 patients with a mean age of 37.2 years (26-56) underwent surgery with the same technique to manage postdebridement defects in the distal femur due to osteomyelitis. This involved acute shortening and intramedullary fixation of the defect site, together with relengthening from a proximal osteotomy using simultaneous external fixation. Radiographic union, range of motion of the hip and knee, external fixation time and external fixation index, and limb length discrepancy were assessed. Results: The mean follow-up was 51 months (18-192). Union was achieved in all patients without recurrence of infection during this follow-up period. The mean knee flexion was 120 degrees, and the mean extension deficit was 5 degrees at final follow-up. The mean limb length discrepancy improved from 5.5 cm (3-7) to 0.5 cm (0-2). The mean external fixation index was 29.2 d/cm (20-50), and the mean external fixation time was 115 days (90-150). Radiographic scores were excellent in 15 cases, good in 6, and fair in 2. Functional scores were excellent in 14 cases, good in 7, and fair in 2. Conclusion: This combined strategy was an effective method for treating distal femoral segmental bone defects after debridement of osteomyelitis, with a high rate of union and acceptable complication rates.