Clinical features and co-morbidity of social phobics in Turkey


GOKALP P., Tukel R. , SOLMAZ D., DEMIR T. , KIZILTAN E., DEMIR D., ...More

EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY, vol.16, no.2, pp.115-121, 2001 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 16 Issue: 2
  • Publication Date: 2001
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/s0924-9338(01)00548-x
  • Journal Name: EUROPEAN PSYCHIATRY
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Social Sciences Citation Index, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.115-121

Abstract

The aim of this study is to investigate the clinical features and frequency and importance of related co-morbid disorders of social phobia in a clinical sample. Eighty-seven patients meeting DSM-III-R diagnostic criteria for social phobia were studied. All patients were assessed by using a semi-structured socio-demographic form, the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-III-R, Manual for the Structured Clinical interview for DSM-III-R Personality Disorders, Liebowitz Social Anxiety Scale. Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and Hamilton Rating Scale for Anxiety. Sixty-eight (78.2%) of the group were male, 19 (21.8%) were female. The ages varied between 16-58 years, with a mean of 26.2 years (SD = 8.5). Fifty-one point seven percent of the subjects were assessed as having a co-morbid axis I disorder, of which 12.6% consisted of panic disorder and 10.3% agoraphobia. An additional axis II disorder had been found in 67.8% of the subjects, and 54.0% of them had been diagnosed as having avoidant personality disorder. The frequency of co-morbid disorders in our social phobic sample is lower than most of the studies in the literature. The interface between social phobia and avoidant personality disorder needs to be studied and discussed further. (C) 2001 Editions scientifiques et medicales Elsevier SAS.