General principles of presenting a picture of the world in the peoples of Central Asia


Sapashev O.

KazNU. Bulletin-Orientalism, cilt.1, no.4, ss.70-81, 2020 (Hakemli Üniversite Dergisi)

  • Yayın Türü: Makale / Tam Makale
  • Cilt numarası: 1 Konu: 95
  • Basım Tarihi: 2020
  • Doi Numarası: 10.26577/jos.2020.v95.i4.09
  • Dergi Adı: KazNU. Bulletin-Orientalism
  • Sayfa Sayıları: ss.70-81

Özet

The vision of the world of Turkic peoples, historically formed in the everyday consciousness of this
linguistic collective of the large macro-system of Turkic languages and reflected in them is a combina-
tion of ideas about the world and determines the way of conceptualizing reality. Each natural language
reflects a certain way of perceiving and organizing (conceptualizing) the world. The values expressed in
it form a certain unified system of views, a kind of collective philosophy, which is formed as mandatory
for all native speakers. The language-specific way of conceptualizing reality is partly universal, partly
nationally specific, so speakers of different languages can see the world a little differently, through the
prism of their languages.
In this article, we focus on the General Turkic view of the world in particular and the world view of
the Central Asian peoples in general. All modern principles of the vision of the world of Central Asian
peoples originates from the general archaic picture of the world and is the basis of modern cultural and
religious ideas. Initially, it was “naive” in the sense that in many significant respects it differs from the
“scientific” picture. Moreover, such a naive understanding of the world and ideas are by no means pri-
mitive: in many cases they are no less complex and interesting than scientific ones. For example, ideas
about the inner world of man, which reflect the experience of introspection of dozens of generations
over many millennia, still serves as a cultural marker among their modern descendants.
Key worlds:
Central Asian, Turkic worldview, Nationally specific, Picture of the World.
vision of the world of Turkic peoples, historically formed in the everyday consciousness of this
linguistic collective of the large macro-system of Turkic languages and reflected in them is a combina-
tion of ideas about the world and determines the way of conceptualizing reality. Each natural language
reflects a certain way of perceiving and organizing (conceptualizing) the world. The values expressed in
it form a certain unified system of views, a kind of collective philosophy, which is formed as mandatory
for all native speakers. The language-specific way of conceptualizing reality is partly universal, partly
nationally specific, so speakers of different languages can see the world a little differently, through the
prism of their languages.
In this article, we focus on the General Turkic view of the world in particular and the world view of
the Central Asian peoples in general. All modern principles of the vision of the world of Central Asian
peoples originates from the general archaic picture of the world and is the basis of modern cultural and
religious ideas. Initially, it was “naive” in the sense that in many significant respects it differs from the
“scientific” picture. Moreover, such a naive understanding of the world and ideas are by no means pri-
mitive: in many cases they are no less complex and interesting than scientific ones. For example, ideas
about the inner world of man, which reflect the experience of introspection of dozens of generations
over many millennia, still serves as a cultural marker among their modern descendants.
Key worlds:
Central Asian, Turkic worldview, Nationally specific, Picture of the World.