Objective: The objective of this study was to evaluate the serumand bile concentrations of cefazolin and ceftriaxone at the third and sixth hours in an experimental obstructive jaundice model and to identify the rate of excretion of these antibiotics into the bile. Material and methods: Thirty-twoWistar albino rats were used in this study. The bile and serum levels of cefazolin were measured at the third hour in the A1 group and at the sixth hour in the A2 group, with cefazolin administered as 5mg/rat; while the bile and serum levels of ceftriaxone were studied at the third hour in the B1 group and at the sixth hour in the B2 group, with ceftriaxone administered as 5mg/rat. Results: After 3 hr of cefazolin administration, the serum concentration in the A1 group reached a mean of 1.8 mu g/ml, while the bile concentration was 90% of the serum concentration, with a mean of 1.6 mu g/ml; whereas in the B1 group, the third-hour serum concentration of ceftriaxone was 18.6 mu g/ml, while the bile concentration was found to be as high as 330% of this level, i.e., 56 mu g/ml. The serum value of cefazolin decreased to 1.4 mu g/ml in the A2 group and ceftriaxone decreased to 3.7 mu g/ml in the B2 group at the sixth hour. Conclusions: Although the excretory level of cefazolin and ceftriaxone into the bile reaches therapeutic doses, the duration for which these levels are above those required for bactericidal activity is short. Ceftriaxone is better concentrated in the serum and bile than cefazolin.