Prevalence and self-management of migraine among neurologists and neurology residents in Turkey: do neurologists apply effective rational prophylaxis to their migraines?


Ergin N., Ertas M.

ACTA NEUROLOGICA BELGICA, vol.123, no.1, pp.199-205, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 123 Issue: 1
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.1007/s13760-022-02048-2
  • Journal Name: ACTA NEUROLOGICA BELGICA
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, EMBASE, MEDLINE
  • Page Numbers: pp.199-205
  • Keywords: Neurologist, Migraine, Headache, Prevalence, Self-management, HEADACHE, SPECIALISTS
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Aim The aim of the study to determine the migraine prevalence and self-management of migraine among the neurologists and neurology residents registered to the Turkish Neurological Society. Methods This cross-sectional study includes 851 participants. Based on the "The International Classification of Headache Disorders, 3rd edition" and previous literature, an anonymous questionnaire was prepared and used to collect data online via Google Forms. The link to the study was posted on the website of the Turkish Neurological Society. Results Women (73.2%) and neurologists (77.4%) made up the majority of the participants. Of the participants, 37.9% met the diagnosis criteria for migraine. Being women and positive family history were associated with migraine compared to the tension-type headache (TTH) (both p values < 0.001). Comparing with the TTH sufferers, migraine significantly hindered work, social, and family life (all p values < 0.001). Participants with migraine had more magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) (47.4%) and electroencephalography (EEG) (4.3%) than those with TTH (both p values < 0.05). Participants with migraine received drug prophylaxis more frequently (20.1%) than those with TTH (2.3%) (p < 0.001), and these drugs were selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) (7.1%), beta-blockers (5.9%), and serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitors (SNRIs) (5.3%) (all p values < 0.05). Participants with migraine received non-pharmacological prophylaxis for headache more frequently (25.7%) compared to those with TTH (p < 0.001). Conclusions Migraine is common among neurologists and neurology residents. Identifying migraine self-management is important for preventing the loss of work and negative economic and social consequences that migraine may cause in these groups of physicians.