Our aim was to assess the associations of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) and idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) with comorbid psychiatric conditions, especially obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD), in a comparative design. We evaluated 29 patients with TLE, 27 patients with ICE, and 30 healthy controls. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV (SCID), Yale-Brown Obsessive Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS) Symptom Checklist, and Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) were administered. Among patients with TLE, 75.9%, and among patients with ICE, 48.1% had at least one Axis 1 psychiatric disorder. Clinically meaningful obsessive-compulsive symptoms (CM-OCS) were noted in 10 patients with TLE and in 3 patients with ICE, and this difference was statistically significant (P < 0.05). CM-OCS were present in 9 of 18 patients with left-sided TLE, but in only 1 of 11 patients with right-sided TLE. Higher comorbidity in TLE Suggests that involvement of the temporal lobe may play a role in the development of specific psychopathological syndromes. (C) 2009 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.