Development of sol-gel phenyl/methyl/poly (dimethylsiloxane) sorbent coating for fabric phase sorptive extraction and its application in monitoring human exposure to selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons using high performance liquid chromatography-fluorescence detection


Gazioglu I., Kabir A., ZENGİN Ö. S., Tekkeli E. K., Furton K. G., Tartaglia A., ...More

JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY B-ANALYTICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE BIOMEDICAL AND LIFE SCIENCES, vol.1163, 2021 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 1163
  • Publication Date: 2021
  • Doi Number: 10.1016/j.jchromb.2020.122520
  • Journal Name: JOURNAL OF CHROMATOGRAPHY B-ANALYTICAL TECHNOLOGIES IN THE BIOMEDICAL AND LIFE SCIENCES
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, Academic Search Premier, Aerospace Database, BIOSIS, CAB Abstracts, Chemical Abstracts Core, Chimica, Communication Abstracts, Compendex, EMBASE, Food Science & Technology Abstracts, MEDLINE, Metadex, Veterinary Science Database, Civil Engineering Abstracts
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: No

Abstract

Following the convenient, yet very powerful pathway to create designer extraction sorbent using sol-gel chemistry, a novel sol-gel phenyl/methyl/poly(dimethylsiloxane) sorbent coating was created on polyester fabric substrate for fabric phase sorptive extraction (FPSE) and was subsequently applied to monitor human exposure to selected polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) including pyrene, chrysene, and benzo[a]pyrene in plasma samples obtained from tobacco smoker volunteers using high performance liquid chromatography fluorescence detector (HPLC-FLD). A rapid FPSE-HPLC-FLD method was developed that adequately resolved the PAHs chromatographically, after their successful extraction from human plasma using fabric phase absorption extraction (FPSE) and subsequently analysed in the liquid chromatographic system by means of an analytical column (InterSustain C-18 column 150 x 4.6 mm, 5 mu m) using acetonitrile (ACN) and water as mobile phases in gradient elution mode. With the optimized conditions, the retention times were found to be 6.168, 7.214, and 10.404 min for pyrene, chrysene, and benzo[a]pyrene, respectively. The total chromatographic runtime was limited to 12.5 min. The method, validated through the calculation of all the analytical parameters according to the International Guidelines, was applied to the analysis of real samples collected from informed volunteers. The proposed approach which included the use of sol-gel phenyl/methyl/poly(dimethylsiloxane) immobilized on hydrophobic polyester substrate and C18 stationary phase used in HPLC, has shown a high potential as a rapid tool for future clinical, forensic and toxicological applications, also in the light of the LOD and LOQ values comparable to those normally obtainable with more sophisticated, and expensive instruments that often require highly trained personnel. The results reported here further consolidate the application of FPSE in the analysis of biological samples for both diagnostic and analytical-clinical purposes.