The role of T regulatory cells in immunopathogenesis of myasthenia gravis: implications for therapeutics

Alahgholi-Hajibehzad M., Kasapoglu P., Jafari R., Rezaei N.

EXPERT REVIEW OF CLINICAL IMMUNOLOGY, vol.11, no.7, pp.859-870, 2015 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier


T regulatory cells (Tregs) are crucial for the development of self-tolerance and are the major focus in many studies interpreting the pathogenesis of myasthenia gravis (MG), an autoimmune-based disease. In normal conditions, Tregs regulate the immune responses, while impaired regulatory function of these cells can lead to autoimmunity. Recent studies have confirmed that the thymic and peripheral blood CD4(+)CD25(+) Tregs of MG are defective in functions and/or in numbers, which are associated with disease severity; approaches to correct the defects of these Tregs may be promising in the treatment of MG. This review discusses recent studies on characteristics, quantitative and qualitative changes of Tregs and possible mechanisms that are involved in the impairment of these cells in MG pathogenesis. In addition, new approaches inducing Treg generation that are currently being investigated as therapies for MG, will be discussed as well as proposed approaches for future therapies.