The Relationship of Enterotoxigenic <i>Bacteroides fragilis</i> and <i>Fusobacterium nucleatum</i> Intestinal Colonization with Colorectal Cancer: A Case-Control Study Performed with Colon Biopsies

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Bakar Y. O., Demiryas S., Kilincarslan A. C., Demirci M., Kepil N., Bakar M. T., ...More

MIKROBIYOLOJI BULTENI, vol.57, no.3, pp.353-364, 2023 (SCI-Expanded) identifier identifier identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 57 Issue: 3
  • Publication Date: 2023
  • Doi Number: 10.5578/mb.20239929
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded (SCI-EXPANDED), Scopus, BIOSIS, TR DİZİN (ULAKBİM)
  • Page Numbers: pp.353-364
  • Istanbul University Affiliated: Yes


In recent years, it has been shown that some bacteria may be associated with colorectal cancer (CRC). In this study, it was aimed to investigate the role of Fusobacterium nucleatum and enterotoxigenic Bacteroides fragilis (ETBF) in the etiology of CRC by comparing the amounts of these bacteria in colon biopsy tissues of patients with CRC and healthy individuals. The amounts of F.nucleatum and ETBF were determined by quantitative polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in colon biopsy samples taken from 35 CRC and 35 healthy individuals, and the results were compared in the patient and control groups. The detection rate and amounts of F.nucleatum were found to be statistically significantly higher in tissues of female patients with CRC compared to male patients (p= 0.003, p= 0.013, respectively). There was no statistically significant difference between the tissues of female and male patients with CRC in terms of detection rate and amount of ETBF (p= 0.521, p= 0.515, respectively). It was found that in the 50-74 age group, the amount of ETBF was statistically significantly higher in women and men with CRC compared to the controls (p= 0.005, p= 0.047, respectively), while the amount of F.nucleatum was statistically significantly higher in female patients compared to controls. However, no difference was found between male patients and controls (p= 0.009, p= 0.083). It was determined that the detection rate and amount of F.nucleatum in the tissues of patients with CRC, regardless of age and gender, were not statistically different from the controls (p= 0.473, p= 0.995, respectively), however, the detection rate of ETBF and the amount of ETBF were found to be statistically significantly higher (p= 0.002, p= 0.004, respectively). It has been determined that ETBF can play a role in the etiology of CRC in both men and women, and F.nucleatum only in women, in the age range of 50-74 years, when routine screenings for CRC are performed.