Equilibrium profile development in graded deep-water slopes: Eocene, Eastern Turkey

Cronin B., Hartley A., Celik H., Hurst A., Turkmen I., Kerey E.

JOURNAL OF THE GEOLOGICAL SOCIETY, vol.157, pp.943-955, 2000 (Journal Indexed in SCI) identifier identifier

  • Publication Type: Article / Article
  • Volume: 157
  • Publication Date: 2000
  • Doi Number: 10.1144/jgs.157.5.943
  • Journal Indexes: Science Citation Index Expanded, Scopus
  • Page Numbers: pp.943-955


Recently published models for deep marine slopes provide a framework for understanding the sedimentary architecture and geometries of major correlative surfaces in this environment. These models use concepts which include: (i) the development of erosional and unconformable onlapping relationships in a slope-to-basin setting by processes other than changes in relative sea-level (e.g. earthquake induced gravity Rows), (ii) the definition of genetic facies associations and (iii) the development of base-of-slope systems by repeated mass-wasting in order to establish an equilibrium slope profile. These models are based primarily on seismic data from present-day slopes or numerical simulation, and have not been tested in the field. An example from Turkey of a progradational Eocene basin-to-slope transition is presented to test these models. We found that most mass-wasting occurs at the top and not base of the slope, that this is likely to be earthquake-induced rather than related to changes in relative sea-level, and that seafloor topography continues to control sand transportation pathways and mass-wasting throughout slope apron deposition.