We aimed to investigate auditory-evoked masseter inhibitory reflex and discuss possible auditory-trigeminal pathways in brainstem. Our study population consisted of 21 healthy volunteers (age-matched 7 males and 14 females). Bilateral electrical blink reflex (BR), auditory blink reflexes (ABR) and electrical MIR (MIR) were studied. After obtaining normal potentials, auditory MIR (AMIR) was studied. Electrical blink reflexes had two components as R1 and R2, and ABR had one evoked potential in all volunteers. There was no significant difference between gender, nor between right- and left-sided BR and ABR. The mean latency of ABR responses were shorter than latencies of R2 phase of BR (p = 0.013 for left-sided responses, p = 0.035 for right-sided responses). Electrical stimulation revealed two suppression periods (SP1 and SP2) in MIR responses bilaterally in all volunteers. Auditory stimulation evoked typical two suppression periods only in 11 subjects (5 males, 6 females). The mean latency of SP1 component of AMIR was significantly longer than those of MIR bilaterally in both males and females, while the SP2 component had a shorter onset. The durations of SP1, SP2 and total SP were always shorter than those obtained in MIR with smaller degree of suppressions. None of the MIR or AMIR responses showed significance difference between sexes. We assume that auditory-evoked MIR might share the similar interneurons as with other electrical or nociceptive stimulation, which connects cochlear-trigeminal neurons via pontine reticular system to premotor area for masseter muscle. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.